Welcome to part III of Debbi’s and my Graveyard Art series. For those of you here the first time you might want to check out part I and part II of our co-production. While Debbi is the expert on the subject, please do check out her blog, I have supplied most of the photos to our post. Aaaand here we go.
How do you like this headstone, Debbi? I think the inscription is really sweet.
Claudia, the collection of stones that you have captured in this series are wonderful, and all appear very well preserved considering their age. You have also captured a great selection of symbols and stone shapes that are not that common down south. In fact, the lotus flower carving is one that I have never seen in person before!
Why are some graves are highly decorated and others are hardly visible e.g. only a stone marker with one letter on it?
I think it depends on the financial situation of the deceased and family. Religious beliefs play a factor regarding the embellishment, or lack thereof. Membership in certain fraternities and secret societies allowed the deceased to have a particular design or symbol evident on the headstone. Vanity can certainly play a factor too. Who hasn’t heard a story about the person who had to have the biggest, the best and the most prominent everything in life and for sure was not going to leave this world without having the same for their grave site! The era of the stone will also play a factor regarding decorations and visibility. Stones from the 1700s to the beginning of the 1800s might not have much decoration due to the religious taboos against graven images.
I came across quite a few big, rectangular monuments in cemeteries. Often times with several names engraved. What are they?
Those are family crypts that contain more than one person in that particular plot. Some may only contain the cremains, others may contain the entire casket of each person. And, there may be some that are simply a memorial for the family or for war casualties, and will have no interments.
Interpreting graveyard symbols:
Stones that look like huge boulders or rocks can indicate a Christian reference to the Rock of Ages, and can also represent a life cut short, as generally these are only partially carved and mostly only carved with the name and birth/death dates.
If you see a monument that is a fully carved actual stone tree, with other symbols included in the carving, that stone belongs to a member of a fraternal society called Woodmen of the World. This particular type of stone was only available to the members, however, and these stones were discontinued sometime in the 1920s.
Vase/Urn: immortality. This is a direct reference to the Egyptian practice of placing the organs in urns for preservation and subsequently the use of them by the deceased in the afterlife. Urns were popular during the Victorian Egyptian Revival period.
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